Tag Archives: Las Vegas

«CASINO»

I think everyone knows how strong kinotandem “Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro.” I think everyone knows that both of them are true geniuses of world cinema. Both are well individually. Both are very talented. But there is no secret that, together, they make a real bezbashennyj cocktail, a real time bomb that is very liked and like the audience, and our time, and long past years. Crime drama “Casino,” Scorsese filmed in 1995 – is no exception.

The film tells the story of a very exciting era in the history of the United States. The era of the destruction of the old Las Vegas (city built on Mafia money), and the birth of a new, present-day Vegas. In the center of the story is the former bookmaker Sam Rostin, nicknamed “Ace”. Sam was playing cards with his earliest years. He was both a gambler and bookmaker, was engaged in all kinds of card games played with dice, like … like no one in them plays – in short, the man who represents himself just a game. For him, nothing in life is almost non-existent. He lives Game, he breathes it, and nobody else knows the ropes: how and what to do in the casino, so that visitors played, played, played, and still lost, lost, lost …

For all these qualities of “mafia clans” sent “Ace” fill the casino “Tandzhir” – a huge casino, located in the city center, followed by his former childhood friend sent Rostin – Nicky Santoro – incorrigible thug gangster and frostbitten. In Las Vegas, “Ace” as always with glitter doing his job: Casino flourished, a waterfall of money constantly poured into the pockets of gangsters satisfied patrons. Urban bosses were on the contentment of the mafia, the police and the courts have been bought, and it seemed nothing could dampen Sam’s life. But the Lord directs otherwise, and if you fly up high, in any case it is very painful to fall off …

Great movie. It can be confidently attributed to the true classics of the genre! In my opinion one of the best films of Scorsese. “Casino” has a unique feature – it does not get old, and revise it, despite the 3 hour hrometrazh can be an infinite number of times. The film is very relevant not only to the 90s, but for our time. The film captivates everyone including: script, direction and brilliant acting. Mr. Scorsese, once again, take off my hat to you.

Now the actors. Here you can write a whole book telling about the intricacies of the game each. That I certainly do not and I will try to tell you about their experiences as short as possible. All the actors have played just fine. Gorgeous Robert De Niro plays the role just amazing, “Ace”. Joe Pesci great acts out the role of Nikki’s most dangerous thug. Sharon Stone looks great as the wife of “Ace” Ginger. Very, because – well, I want to mention the actor James Woods, who played a great role pimp Leicester.
 
The film is based on the novel by Nicholas Pileggi and Larry Shandling “Casino» (Casino: Love and Honor in Las Vegas, 1995).
The film was shot in one of the oldest standing hotel-casino in Las Vegas Riviera, which was chosen because of its neutral color theme institution.
Robert De Niro was a real prototype of Frank “Lefty” Rosenthal, who ran from the 1970′s to the early 1980′s Casino “Stardust» (Stardust), «Fremont” and “Hacienda”.
The word «Fuck» and its derivatives are used in the film 422 times – which on average is about 2.4 times per minute.
At the 133-minute film, Sam asked his wife where she was, she replied that at the Riviera (this is the very casino, where the movie was filmed).
The prototype Nicky Santoro (Joe Pesci) served Anthony “Tony Ant” Spilotro, a thug “Chicago Syndicate”, who was killed on the orders of the bosses in 1986.

Five of the world’s most expensive casino

Five of the world’s most expensive casino

To attract more visitors to their casinos, gambling operators are the most desperate measures. For example, tend to outperform the competition by extravagance, scope and cost of the projects.
As a result, in Las Vegas there are their Egyptian pyramids, the Eiffel Tower, and copies of other famous sites, and the owners of casinos in Singapore and Macau seek to capture the imagination of visitors unparalleled luxury and exclusive entertainment.
The cost of the complexes with the most expensive casino in the world billions of dollars, and lower covers five champions on this indicator.

1. CityCenter Las Vegas (Las Vegas) – Cost: $ 9,000,000,000
This complex, which includes four hotels, a casino directly called Aria, dozens of restaurants and bars, covers an area of ​​more than half a million square meters and is the largest private construction project in the history of the United States.
At CityCenter two owners. It was building a company MGM Mirage (later renamed MGM Resorts International), but also during construction 50% of the cost of the project was bought by Dubai World.

2. Marina Bay Sands (Singapore) – Price: $ 5.5 billion
Marina Bay Sands last appeared on the list, as its official grand opening took place only in February 2011, although the casino and resort guests to take in July 2010. During this time, the complex had time to visit more than eleven million people.
In addition to the casino, Marina Bay Sands hotel includes two and a half thousand rooms, a huge trade center, a museum, two theaters, several fine restaurants, and more. However, its main attraction is the so-called SkyPark.

3. Resorts World Sentosa (Singapore) – Price: $ 5.5 billion
This complex is located on the island of Sentosa, owned by Singapore. It includes a casino, six diverse in style hotels, a shopping center, SPA, restaurants, bars, a huge amusement park, the world’s largest aquarium and other entertainment.
Despite the fact that the Resorts World Sentosa is largely focused on a family vacation in 2010, the revenue from the casino was about two billion dollars.

4. Wynn Las Vegas (Las Vegas) – Price: $ 4.53 billion
Hotel and Casino Wynn Las Vegas, which is the main property of Wynn Resorts, is located on the famous Las Vegas Strip. It is named after the famous billionaire known for his work in the gaming industry, Steve Wynn.
This is the first complex in Las Vegas, including a Ferrari dealerships and Maseratis. Also here is the only thing on the Las Vegas Strip and golf course. In addition, Wynn Las Vegas is famous for its night club, inside which there is a huge waterfall.

5. Venetian Macao (Macau) – Price: $ 2.7 billion
Complex Venetian Macao is known primarily from the fact that includes the largest casino in the world area of ​​more than 50,000 square meters. He belongs to the corporation Las Vegas Sands.
He is so designed in the Venetian style as the hotel grounds are three channels through which floating gondola.

The best casinos in the world

Today we will focus on the biggest, most expensive, the best casinos in the world.

Cities like Las Vegas, Macau, Monte Carlo is rightly considered the world capital of gambling. So we decided to talk about the most famous casinos of these and other cities.

Bellagio Hotel Casino (Casino Bellagio) in Las Vegas

At the opening of the 1998 Entertainment Complex Bellagio was the most expensive casino ever built in the world. At the Bellagio 200 roulette tables and 2,000 slot machines. In addition to a casino and hotel complex has several restaurants as well as the world famous Circus Du Soleil.

The Venice Casino (Venetsian) in Macau

In recent years, Macau has become the world capital of casino gambling business investment in the city several times the investment in the casinos of Las Vegas and Singapore. In 2008 there was built the Venice Casino Macau, the largest casino in the world at that time. It was built according to the prototype of the same name casinos in Las Vegas, but with a much grander scale. The hotel complex includes 3,000 rooms, built canals on which gondolas float, a huge shopping center and much more. The Venice Casino Macau has 870 gaming tables and 3,400 slot machines.

Atlantis Casino Resort (Atlantis Resort) Bahamas

Atlantis Resort Casino is the largest in the Caribbean and, of course, the most expensive! Apartments in the hotel adjacent to the casino will cost $ 25,000 per night. In the casino, 980 slot machines and 78 tables for roulette, Blackjack, baccarat and other games.

Casino de Monte Carlo (Casino de Monte Carlo) in Monaco

Casino de Monte Carlo was designed by Charles mountain – the architect of the Paris Opera. This is one of the most luxurious casinos in the world. It has 316 slot machines and 35 gaming tables (roulette, craps, blackjack, baccarat, etc.)

Wow Marina Sands Casino in Singapore

Wow Marina Sands complex in Singapore called the new wonder of the world. And this name is quite justified, 5-star hotel on the 2,560 rooms, exhibition halls, shops, a theater, and of course, also the most expensive casino in the world, numbering 500 tables for roulette, blackjack, baccarat, craps and 1600 slot machines.

Casino Resort World Sentosa in Singapore

Hotel Leisure Centre Resort World Sentosa is also in Singapore. The complex includes six hotels with a total number of rooms, more than 1,800. In addition to casinos and hotels, there is the aquarium, attractions, theme park, a variety of restaurants. The total cost of the complex is more than 5 billion dollars.

MGM Casino in Las Vegas

The structure of the casino MGM Grand Hotel include shopping center, 19 restaurants, amusement park, swimming pools, a dance club, a big arena. The hotel comprises 5044 rooms and a total area casino is 16,000 square meters. In this case, it employs 2,500 slot machines.

Casino St. James Club (St James Club) in Antigua

Tourist complex St James Club is located on a private peninsula and includes a hotel, a leisure center and a small but very expensive casino where 5 tables for Roulette, Blackjack and poker, slot machines and 56.

Casino Borgata (Borgata Casino, Hotel, Spa) in Atlantic City

Casino, Hotel, Spa Borgata is located in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Casino has 3,650 slot machines and 145 tables for roulette, blackjack Brack, baccarat, craps. This is one of the largest and most luxurious casinos on the east coast of the United States.

Amazing stories of the largest prizes in the casino

System casinos thought so that any player can pull his fortune in just one evening in hopes to play at least a small part of the money already lost. Not everyone carries in this cruel and thought-out business, but sometimes come across lucky ones who are able to win millions of dollars in the famous casinos and slot halls.
Next, you’ll learn the amazing stories of incredible winnings in the casino.

MGM Grand (Las Vegas, NV). Win: $ 20 million to $ 40 million

One evening, the Australian billionaire Kerry Parker (the first line in the ranking of the richest people in the country at the time of his death in 2005, the state $ 6.5 billion), while in Las Vegas, I decided to turn in and out of curiosity casino play baccarat and blackjack. That night, he won the $ 20 million to $ 40 million (the exact number is unknown, because the wins were few).
Kerry began to throw money at the casino already – for example, tipping the waitress serving him and the maitre d ‘of $ 1 million
Interestingly, in 1999, Kerry Parker was in London, and there lost in the casino about $ 28 million

Excalibur (in Las Vegas, Nevada). Winnings: $ 39,700,000

In March 2003, twenty-five engineer from Los Angeles arrived in Vegas is not just for fun, and to root for your favorite basketball team. Before the match had a few hours and he decided to pass them in the famous casino Excalibur.
The young man sat down at the slot machines – and away we go. Throwing chips one by one, he spent a total of $ 100,
suddenly lit up on the screen show “Jackpot” and the music began.
The prize has made a phenomenal amount of $ 39,713 982.25, which is comparable to the average profit of the casino this month. The winner wished to keep his identity a secret, and will forever remain in the memory of the regulars institution as “a young engineer.”
In addition, he asked that the casino does not give him all the winnings at once, and each year shall be transferred to his account for about $ 1.5 million

Mirage (Las Vegas, NV). Earnings: $ 21 million and $ 4.6 million

Win a million dollars in Las Vegas – a case incredible and fantastic.
But there are people who have experienced this event twice. Veteran of World War II, Elmer Sherwin was 76 years old when he took the jackpot of $ 4.6 million This happened after ten hours after the opening of casinos Mirage.
Elmer spent money on travel around the world. Even after the happy event, he continued to visit the casino with surprising regularity – two times a week. Why throw a case in which luck smiles at you?
Sixteen years – and again in the same jackpot casino, this time – $ 21 million second-most part of winning veteran spent no longer for themselves but for charity, Help the victims of Hurricane Katrina.

Fremont (Las Vegas, NV). Winnings: $ 8,900,000

“Do you need money? Ask and it will be given to you “- said 71-year-old resident of Hawaii Amy Nishimura. Amy came to Las Vegas for vacation. One game machine at once attracted to her. The woman felt like a living machine. She approached him and began to talk.

Begins to explain why her money, luck and ask to see her right now. Next Amy dropped her badge and began to play.
It should be noted in the purse she was lying less than $ 100: luck would have to hurry if she wanted to get her in the casino.
And after three hours of hard game machine issued a “jackpot” …

The history of gambling. The first casino.

              

The history of gambling is rooted in antiquity. And although there is no mention in the annals of gambling, but there are legends, stories, fantasies, version. Precise chronology of a card and roulette there.

During the excavation of ancient sites, archaeologists find items that could be used for games. There are suggestions that these items were originally magical, sacred meaning, and with the course of the centuries have become a means fascinating pastime. Egyptian tomb preserved to the present day image of a man playing dice. In ancient Tibet gambling charts were drawn on the roofs of the temples. The symbolic image of the game can also be found on the seats of monks in medieval English churches. The Greeks have a myth of Zeus and Aphrodite, who throw dice to determine the fate of the hero, and the “Iliad” of Homer describes the Olympian gods who play the lottery to determine the winner of the battle.

It is known that the dice used for throwing dice and for gambling. For example, the Aryan invaders of India in the 2nd millennium BC were very fond of gambling. Dice nuts vibhidaka was popular among castes. Collection of Vedic hymns, the Rig Veda contains the poem “complaints of players.”

In the Indian epic Mahabharata, written probably in the I century R.X. often describes in detail the dice, and it qualifies as a game of chance.

A lot of references to gambling is contained in the folk tales of different cultures around the world. Greek and Roman myths mention of God or a god of gambling luck. In Irish and Scots have stories about unusual rates or rates, not claimed as winners. A lot of dramatic stories about gambling can be found in the folk literature of Asia, including Southeast Asia, Japan, the Philippines and India. Another continent rich folk traditions about gambling – North America. Of all sufficiently studied world cultures, gambling, half – the North American Indians.

With the growth of civilization and the emergence of large cities gambling found its place in the bustling bazaars and inns. It offered a choice of a wide variety of fun. For the pleasure of trying your luck often had to pay with gold and jewels.

First gambling houses (“casino” in Italian – house) appeared in the Roman Empire. Happy birthday casino historians call 557 BC when the Roman king Lucius Tarquinius Priscus erected in honor of the god of harvest keeper Konsa called the Circus Maximus – an ancient Roman center of the entertainment industry. There have bet betting, craps. The audience spent day and night in the Circus Maximus, the Colosseum in amusements and spectacles.

In Europe, the process of gradually spread gambling joined the secular authorities by imposing taxes on casinos. First public gambling house was legalized in 1626 in Venice. While in high Venetian society has a tradition to gather for a variety of meetings in the so-called “small houses” or «Casini». Important and wealthy business transactions concluded there, arguing about politics, gamble.

The first casino in the modern sense was opened in 1765 in Paris. Ordered to open the casino’s first Minister of France, Cardinal Giulio Mazarin, in order to fill up so meager coffers of Louis XIV. At the same time, the world learned that in addition to the usual card games and roulette there.

In 1806, the French gambling house first received the formal approval of the highest state authority. That man was the French Emperor Louis de Bonaparte, was graced by one of the Paris casino.
The nineteenth century added to the image of gambling new touches: there was a high quality service, was luxurious and comfortable interior decoration and security at the entrance was to restrict access to the casino, flowing into the only respectable-looking people. Gambling has become a fashionable hobby and Casino – a place where it was sure to light up anyone who considered himself a wealthy man.

In 1861, in the small European country of Monaco, while experiencing financial difficulties, a man named Franz Blank offered his state to open a casino for the enrichment of the principality. Three years later, it opened the mall “Monte Carlo”, which became today one of the most famous and gorgeous places on earth. Around the same time gambling “den” (as they were called by the locals) have appeared in Asia. The largest centers of Asian gambling Steel City Saigon and Macau. In 1899, the world’s largest casino, a new concept – “private rooms” where you can while staying focused on the gambling hall, to make unlimited rate.

In Russia at the court of Catherine II roulette tables decorated not only luxurious halls of palaces – they can even be found in kitchens, where the court cook in a spare moment fun playing overseas. Having learned from the captured French about the existence of the tapes, the Turkish Sultan Selim III sent abroad their masters that they have learned to produce it, “wheel of fortune”. And the Indians with this game introduced British diplomats.

In America, gambling, like many others, have brought immigrants from the Old World. In numerous saloons of the Wild West win questions dealt with the Colt. Throughout the 1700s and 1800s, the city of New Orleans has been a mecca for players of the New World. However, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) legal casino almost completely disappeared in all states. As a result of the ban on the whole country was a vast network of illegal “gaming clans.” After the removal of the ban Benjamin Siegel was the founder of the modern Las Vegas, the city of casinos, which are today the glory of the world’s entertainment capital.

Today, gambling houses – is a fashionable establishment, mahogany tables, soft-touch cloth, heavy curtains, the dealer in strict form, the scent of cigars and spirits. Enter the world of gaming today is not too difficult. If you have decided, then we wish you good luck!

Blackjack (born Blackjack) – One of the most popular card games in casinos around the world.

Most of the game’s popularity is caused by simple rules, the speed of the game and the most simple card counting strategy. However, the popularity of the game is not won once. Gambling houses of the United States had to stimulate interest in playing different types of bonuses and the variety of rules blackjack.
It is believed that the predecessor of the game was a card game «vingt-et-un» («twenty-one”), which appeared in the French gambling establishments around the XIX century. In Russia, for example, blackjack is still often referred to as twenty-one or a point. (But the point of the traditional game rules are somewhat different.

The terms

Player
playing at a table against the casino.

Dealer
casino employee acting as the cards are dealt.

Hand
a set of cards a player or the dealer. Typically, rules of the casino players are prohibited to touch their cards.

Tracking (Tracking)
tracking the location of player cards in the game, using the information in the next shuffle.

Shuffle (Shuffle)
full “game loop” that begins with mixing decks, and ending the split output card.

Shuz (born shoe – shoe)
Special tool for card games in the casino. The deck is shuffled and inserted into shuz from which then goes to the distribution of cards.

The chip (born chip)
a small flat object round, square or octagonal shape, which was written his denomination, can be exchanged for cash at the casino cashier.
Regulations

Mistakenly believed that the goal is to score as many points, but not more than 21. In fact, the goal – to beat the dealer.

Play from one to eight decks. Because the probability of a combination of blackjack with a larger number of decks below, the player’s advantage decreases with an increase in the number of decks. When playing with a shuffle machine assume that you have an infinite deck. At the end of the party, when she was about a third card (the exact value sets the dealer by placing a special card in the so-called. “Shuz” on the eye), shuffled deck. When playing single deck often mixed after each game.

The values ​​of each card points, from two to ten – respectively from 2 to 10, at the Ace – 1 or 11 (11 until the total amount is not more than 21, then 1), at the so-called. pictures (King, Queen, Jack) – 10.

If the player and dealer number of points equal to the hands, such a situation is called a “level” is often a casino is called the “Stein” – from the English. stay, in English it sounds like Push (Push). In such a situation, all remain at their rates, no one wins and no one loses. While a variety of casinos may be exceptions and “Pouchet” wins the casino.

Players bet by placing chips in the appropriate fields of the table. Bets are placed before the cards are dealt. Once the first card is dealt, players are prohibited from making bets and touch their chips.

The dealer deals the cards (usually one or two decks of cards, but most of shuza containing four or more decks): two cards to each player, currently giving away a card (in the U.S. decided to distribute dealer two cards, one of which is open, and the other – closed, there is on the table face down.) All cards are opened at once (visible and the dealer and the player).

If the player immediately after the deal had accumulated 21 points (ie, the player ace and 10 or an ace and a picture), this situation is called blackjack. In this case, the player once the win 3 to 2 (ie, 1.5 times its bid). The exception is when the dealer’s first card (open) 10 catches, a picture, or an ace. In this case, there is a chance that the dealer will also blackjack so the player with blackjack is offered either take win 1 to 1 (only if the dealer’s first card – the ace), or wait until the game Law (in the case if dealer does not have blackjack, to get the win 3 to 2)

Next, the players who have not blackjack, it is proposed to choose either to take another card (in which case the player must tell the dealer “map” or “more”), or to remain at those cards (and of the total points), who in his hand (in this case, the player must tell the dealer “sufficient” or “enough”).

As a general rule, if a player after taking a new card in the amount of turns 21, the dealer does not ask more of it and goes to the next player.

If a player after taking a new card total score exceeds 21, then it is considered a “bust”. The dealer says “a lot” and removes the player’s bet in favor of the casino.

If the dealer in the first two cards is typed 21 points (Blackjack), all players (except for those who have too blackjack) lose. Those who have blackjack, remain at their rates, if they have not chosen to take the prize of 1 to 1, or if you do not have insured his combination of blackjack.

In some cases, depending on which card in the hands of the player, the dealer may offer additional options to it (see below).

Once all players have completed the draw cards, the dealer says “Me” and deal the cards yourself. The general rule blackjack is that the dealer is obliged to stop, he gets 17 points or higher, and is obliged to take until it reaches (even if not everyone got over fewer points). Different casinos may vary rule whether the dealer to stay in the situation, if an ace and six (ie, 7 or 17 points on the hand). This is generally written on the table.

Variations

Base: on the one exposed card dealer and one hidden (hole card)

Europe: the dealer takes the second card after all players have finished dialing. If the dealer has blackjack, the player returns all additional bets (except for “insurance”)

On the basis of blackjack created numerous versions of which have their own names such as blackjack in the open (Double Exposure), Three Card Blackjack (3 Card Blackjack), blackjack switch (Blackjack Switch), Spanish 21 (Spanish 21) 21 Caribbean (Caribbean 21), a super fan 21 (Super Fun 21) Pontoon (Pontoon), etc.

Additional rules

Split
If a player has two cards of the hand of the same value (ie, 2, 2, 3, 3, etc., as well as two images even unequal, for example, Queen and King), the dealer offers the player a split, then a partition one arm in two. In this case, the player makes a bet on a game table, equal to the previous one, the dealer separates the cards into two hands, hands out to each one card and the player continues to play as if it was originally made two bets (played for two). The only exception is the case when split a pair of Aces, in which case the player to aces dealt one card, then he can not take cards, but can peresplitovat aces (often splitovat aces allowed only once). If the second hand of cards again formed a pair, the dealer offers the player splitovat again (in the rules or the limited number of Splitting or not, but the number of splitting aces negotiated separately).

Double
The player can double down and still get exactly one more card. Some casinos is permitted only when a player on the arm 10 or 11 (or in some cases even 9 points).

Some casinos allow a player to double after splitting.

Triple
The player can again deliver a bet equal to the original, after having made double. And get another card.

Sarendo
Some rules of blackjack player is allowed to take off half of his bet after the deal the first two cards if the player thinks his bad set of cards (separate rules stipulate sarenda against open ace, the dealer).

Insurance
If the dealer’s up card is the first ace, the dealer can offer players the insurance blackjack. The player, in case of agreement, puts additional insurance bet equal to half of the original. If the dealer will blackjack, the player loses his bet game, but he is paid insurance in the amount of 2 to 1.

Special versions of the game

In some cases, the casino may offer the player some embodiments the game.

Pair of aces
In some casinos (very rarely) a pair of aces after the deal beats any other combination, even at blackjack.

777
The rule according to which the player with 21 points from three sevens (777) receives a bonus.

Suited Blackjack
Sometimes a combination of blackjack, consisting of an ace and desyatiochkovoe cards of the same suit pays 2 to 1.

Maximum cards
Some casinos are allowed (and the players and the dealer) to have on hand, no more than 5 cards. This combination of benefits (after blackjack).

17 +4
In the case of the game with a 36-card deck, that is, without twos, threes, fours, fives, jacks count as 2 points, ladies – for the 3 kings – for 4. In this case, the above situation does not apply, but uses a different: a combination of the five images (and nothing else) on the hand is assumed to be blackjack. This version of the game in the casino is not practiced. It is essential for a home game in the ass.

Side bets
Many casinos diversify the game, allowing the player to make a variety of side bets. Side bet is in addition to the core and in most cases does not depend on the outcome of the game at the basic rate. Examples of popular side bets are:

Ideal couples (Perfect Pairs) – bet that the first two cards a player comes steam.

Bet on the Jackpot – plays if the player and the dealer are dealt cards in four comes from two aces, the jackpot is paid for four aces of the same color.

High-low 13 (HiLo 13) – the rate whether the sum of the first two cards the player is less than or equal to 13 points.

Bet on the bonus – play if the first two cards a player receives suited cards.

Counting cards

Usually made a few hands of a single deck (or set of decks – shuz). That is, the cards do not come back every once in a pack and it does not mix. Therefore, unlike most other casino game, the probability of the game outcomes in blackjack depends previous games. The player leading counting published maps can significantly improve their chances, and even, under certain conditions, give yourself an advantage in the game. The strategy is to make small bets when the probability of winning is low and high, when the chances of winning are high.

Security Services casinos are trying to identify the players involved in counting the cards and if local laws permit, forbid them access to the casino. We are taking other measures, such as increasing the number of decks in shuze, cutting deck is forbidden to raise (increase) their bets. In addition, the casino employees can do to count cards and mix deck when the probability of winning players is too big.

This technique became the basis for the game story the movie “21″ (in Russian cinemas – “Twenty-one”), inspired by the reality of the events.

The film used a system of counting the “plus-minus”.

This system was proposed in 1963 by Harvey Dubner (in English). [Source not specified 743 days] As in the system a dozen bills, each card coming out of the deck, given its numeric value:

History of casino

        

When and where there gambling, hard to say. But their origin, there are many traditions, legends and fantasies. Probably gambling originates from fights in strength and agility in which participants and spectators (fans) are betting on the outcome. Those who did not have enough strength and skill to take part in such competitions, found solace in other games … From ancient history known stories about how to dispute a bone tossed into the air – which side it will fall to the ground. Hence, apparently, any bone (cubic)

Gambling born a long time ago. When the wealthy estates of the Greeks and Romans rested or were treated by mineral springs. The first games were just reckless character. Gradually spread resorts that have already rooted spirit of gambling. The rich and famous citizens have not imagined the high life without gambling. Games spread through Europe to the XVIII century. Authorities began to impose taxes on casinos. In 1626, he was first legalized gambling house in Venice. The tradition of all business meetings conducted in “small houses» «Casini». There were playing cards, where we talk about politics, and even enjoyed intimate services. The church has a negative attitude to such homes and dubbed them “vice” and “curse.” With the emergence of gambling appeared the first bans on them. In the Middle Ages against gambling were the rulers and priests: preached, outlawing the production of dice – but these attempts failed, which once again confirms the strength of the rod person to gamble game.

The word “roulette” is derived from the French “roulette” – wheel. Probably not accurate historical references to the origin of this game. There are various theories. One of them attributes the invention of the roulette French philosopher and mathematician Pascal XVII century, which held a series of experiments in an attempt to create a perpetual motion machine. But I had in mind was to use gambling to the results of their experiments. Apparently someone else came up with the good idea to use this device in a purely commercial point of view.
For the first time in the casino for a special wheel with numbered slots and the ball was used in the precursor to the modern roulette game called “The Hawk.” These early varieties of roulette wheels were much rougher and more primitive than modern, well-balanced and centered devices. In the XVIII century in France opened a casino with the game in the “Hoku”. Profits from the casino was extremely high, as Three of the 40 nests were marked “0″ (zero), and when the ball fell into one of them, took away all bets institution …

Louis de Bonaparte first visited one of the gambling establishments in Paris. The first time such institution has received official approval. In the nineteenth century the institution became safer. Customers are no longer afraid of fights irascible players. Appeared service, improved the interior. Security at the entrance was the only let well-dressed gentlemen. There have been myths about the states acquired and lost in one night. Games have become a hobby, and gambling houses where should ever play any wealthy person.

The small state of Monaco was in financial difficulties in 1860. Franz Blanc, who resided in Monaco, offered his state to open a casino to improve the financial situation of the state. After three years, opened a center for “Monte Carlo”, which today is one of the most luxurious and well-known places. Asian cities Saigon and Macau have become centers of gambling. In 1899, there was such a thing as a “private rooms.” In these rooms were possible unlimited stakes in a quiet environment.

Prior to 1932, the U.S. has banned gambling and entertainment venues. But across the country there were still illegal gaming association. Benjamin Siegel after the ban was lifted, the father of modern Las Vegas. Currently, the city is renowned as the world’s entertainment capital.