In the world, there has long been worked out models of organization and control of gambling. Particularly noteworthy gambling activities in Germany. Here, there are two types of casino: gambling houses and casinos. The first contains or state, or a private company, supervision over the activities of which the local authorities. Gaming same institution owned by private individuals. Under the current law, all games are divided into two types: the French and American roulette, baccarat, blackjack, Quick-boards and hit the poker group games for good luck, because the client can not affect their abilities or skills on their course. The others, namely, slot machines with winnings, billiards, flippers, and others, not belonging to the first category, playing with bones and balls, card games were in the group games of skill.
Games of chance can be found only in the state gaming houses. The state in this case guarantees the accident, while no one can guarantee for the fact that a private owner not be tempted to mount a roulette magnet or cheat in some other way. Thanks to government guarantees, gambling establishments are in high confidence of its customers, who allow themselves to play at higher rates. These gambling houses are very much reminiscent of the Russian, who worked at the time. The difference is all that blocked throughout Germany 38 and in post in each country for many large metropolis. In private gaming salons can enjoy games of skill. Across the country, more than 25,000 such enterprises. But it is not necessary to believe that it may be open to everyone who is pleased. For this it is necessary to get more than seven hundred permissions associated with the personality of the owner, with premises and equipment.
By separating the games, the use of fraud in private gambling establishments has decreased significantly. They are subject to random checks only. And in order to prevent such a chance at state casinos, there is a special system of control and supervision. In all state run casino Dortmund specially trained auditors, they are employees of the tax administration, which literally day and night follow the work of everyone and everything: from certain of the table and ending with the annual balance sheet. They may at any time request any documentation, as well as have access to all areas of the gambling establishment. The number of auditors depends on the size of the enterprise. In the largest gambling house of the city, including 35 auditors, that is, for every ten dealer – one auditor. To completely exclude the possibility of collusion staff and the auditor, there are certain precautions. First of all, we Auditors staggered working hours. Also not permitted friendly relationship with the staff, even personal acquaintance outside work. And, thanks to the high salary, exclude the possibility of bribery. In addition, there are a number of specific requirements that apply to the staff. Reputation Officer of gambling establishments must be irreproachable, that is, there should be no criminal record, no significant debt, addictions to alcohol and drugs. All employees have the right to play in their own gambling establishment. These measures are almost completely exclude the possibility of committing fraud in state gaming houses.
Casinos are subject to only one tax, which is 80% of the entire gaming profits. Fees from the Company accrued daily. Every week there is a registration in the financial and fiscal administration, and then paid fees to the appropriate fund. Private gaming clubs not subject to any special taxes. Their fees are calculated into the budget as well as all the industrial enterprises. This includes income tax, VAT, percentage of winning slot machine with money prizes. If you add up all the taxes, in total, they will be 80-85% of revenue, which is about the same as in state-owned enterprises with gambling.
Despite the fact that the control mechanism casino debugged, Germany certain problems still exist. Illegal gambling establishments still not left alone German service. Often, these clubs are located in tiny areas of small hotels and restaurants. To deal with them is very difficult because the owners carefully conceal their underground gambling houses. No one really can not tell how many of these underground facilities exist throughout Germany, but it is well known, and this is not a secret that they are still there.
More recently, the German casino has a new problem. It all started with the fact that the municipal casinos began to fall sharply with revenue tables for blackjack. Supervisors are very much interested in this fact. As a result, a number of checks found that some unscrupulous players were using the system of counting cards in this game. Its essence lies in the fact that the first player places small bets and monitors the circulation of cards on the table (of the game uses 5 decks, each of which has 54 cards, just out 324 cards). Then, remembering an example of how the player needs to do at the right time maximum bid. Blackjack is classified as games of chance, which implies the impossibility of influencing the course of the game. But, with the advent of card counting systems, the danger was real. Therefore, private gambling establishments began to demand to translate this into the category of games of skill, and, consequently, to allow them to use in their gaming houses.
It should be noted that in Germany, gambling establishments are subject to one-off taxes, and there is a plurality of separate payments for a variety of articles. As practice shows, the participation of the state not only in control of game clubs, but also as their owners, has a positive effect on the development of gambling in the country, making gambling more fair and transparent, except as forgery and fraud.