Tag Archives: gambling houses

Putin opposed the legalization of casinos in Sochi

At a meeting with representatives of the Public Council on preparation for the Winter Olympics , Russian President said that he was against the opening of a gambling zone in Sochi.
Vladimir Putin: ” We have agreed that we have a gaming area on the border between the Rostov region and Krasnodar Territory , and then went out to allow even get out on the shore of the Black Sea . Create in the same region another area , in my opinion , it is inappropriate , despite the fact that it would facilitate the issue of the return of funds to investors . ”
The head of the Russian Federation noted that Sochi – it is primarily a family-friendly city , and the opening of the casino will lead to a contingent in the region .
Vladimir Putin: ” And crime extends to gambling zones , but not only. This kind of audience . I’m not saying they are bad or good, they are a kind of … It almost would have deprived the chance to all families with more than average and middle-income countries to come here just for families with children . ”
The president believes that legalizing gambling would lead to an undesirable increase in prices in the region, reports “Interfax” .
Vladimir Putin: ” Banks , companies that have invested money , interested to recapture the money , and as soon as possible , and are willing to keep some money. But if you will not be here this gaming zone , then they will be forced to restrain the growth of these prices to increase the number of visitors here . I think that is a factor that will also contribute to a large Sochi – and coastal part and mountain – still turned into family fun center people with average , below average or slightly above average income ”
“The organizers of clandestine gambling should be held criminally responsible for their actions ,” – said the President of Russia . He noted that such entrepreneurs utterly brazen – and instructed Prosecutor General to check the information from the Internet with the coordinates of the illegal casinos in Sochi.
He reminded all those present at the meeting , that some time ago the country had imposed severe restrictions on gambling . At the same time the Russian leader noted that still does not decrease the activity of entrepreneurs who try to disguise this underground activity .

The best casinos in the world

Today we will focus on the biggest, most expensive, the best casinos in the world.

Cities like Las Vegas, Macau, Monte Carlo is rightly considered the world capital of gambling. So we decided to talk about the most famous casinos of these and other cities.

Bellagio Hotel Casino (Casino Bellagio) in Las Vegas

At the opening of the 1998 Entertainment Complex Bellagio was the most expensive casino ever built in the world. At the Bellagio 200 roulette tables and 2,000 slot machines. In addition to a casino and hotel complex has several restaurants as well as the world famous Circus Du Soleil.

The Venice Casino (Venetsian) in Macau

In recent years, Macau has become the world capital of casino gambling business investment in the city several times the investment in the casinos of Las Vegas and Singapore. In 2008 there was built the Venice Casino Macau, the largest casino in the world at that time. It was built according to the prototype of the same name casinos in Las Vegas, but with a much grander scale. The hotel complex includes 3,000 rooms, built canals on which gondolas float, a huge shopping center and much more. The Venice Casino Macau has 870 gaming tables and 3,400 slot machines.

Atlantis Casino Resort (Atlantis Resort) Bahamas

Atlantis Resort Casino is the largest in the Caribbean and, of course, the most expensive! Apartments in the hotel adjacent to the casino will cost $ 25,000 per night. In the casino, 980 slot machines and 78 tables for roulette, Blackjack, baccarat and other games.

Casino de Monte Carlo (Casino de Monte Carlo) in Monaco

Casino de Monte Carlo was designed by Charles mountain – the architect of the Paris Opera. This is one of the most luxurious casinos in the world. It has 316 slot machines and 35 gaming tables (roulette, craps, blackjack, baccarat, etc.)

Wow Marina Sands Casino in Singapore

Wow Marina Sands complex in Singapore called the new wonder of the world. And this name is quite justified, 5-star hotel on the 2,560 rooms, exhibition halls, shops, a theater, and of course, also the most expensive casino in the world, numbering 500 tables for roulette, blackjack, baccarat, craps and 1600 slot machines.

Casino Resort World Sentosa in Singapore

Hotel Leisure Centre Resort World Sentosa is also in Singapore. The complex includes six hotels with a total number of rooms, more than 1,800. In addition to casinos and hotels, there is the aquarium, attractions, theme park, a variety of restaurants. The total cost of the complex is more than 5 billion dollars.

MGM Casino in Las Vegas

The structure of the casino MGM Grand Hotel include shopping center, 19 restaurants, amusement park, swimming pools, a dance club, a big arena. The hotel comprises 5044 rooms and a total area casino is 16,000 square meters. In this case, it employs 2,500 slot machines.

Casino St. James Club (St James Club) in Antigua

Tourist complex St James Club is located on a private peninsula and includes a hotel, a leisure center and a small but very expensive casino where 5 tables for Roulette, Blackjack and poker, slot machines and 56.

Casino Borgata (Borgata Casino, Hotel, Spa) in Atlantic City

Casino, Hotel, Spa Borgata is located in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Casino has 3,650 slot machines and 145 tables for roulette, blackjack Brack, baccarat, craps. This is one of the largest and most luxurious casinos on the east coast of the United States.

The history of gambling. The first casino.

              

The history of gambling is rooted in antiquity. And although there is no mention in the annals of gambling, but there are legends, stories, fantasies, version. Precise chronology of a card and roulette there.

During the excavation of ancient sites, archaeologists find items that could be used for games. There are suggestions that these items were originally magical, sacred meaning, and with the course of the centuries have become a means fascinating pastime. Egyptian tomb preserved to the present day image of a man playing dice. In ancient Tibet gambling charts were drawn on the roofs of the temples. The symbolic image of the game can also be found on the seats of monks in medieval English churches. The Greeks have a myth of Zeus and Aphrodite, who throw dice to determine the fate of the hero, and the “Iliad” of Homer describes the Olympian gods who play the lottery to determine the winner of the battle.

It is known that the dice used for throwing dice and for gambling. For example, the Aryan invaders of India in the 2nd millennium BC were very fond of gambling. Dice nuts vibhidaka was popular among castes. Collection of Vedic hymns, the Rig Veda contains the poem “complaints of players.”

In the Indian epic Mahabharata, written probably in the I century R.X. often describes in detail the dice, and it qualifies as a game of chance.

A lot of references to gambling is contained in the folk tales of different cultures around the world. Greek and Roman myths mention of God or a god of gambling luck. In Irish and Scots have stories about unusual rates or rates, not claimed as winners. A lot of dramatic stories about gambling can be found in the folk literature of Asia, including Southeast Asia, Japan, the Philippines and India. Another continent rich folk traditions about gambling – North America. Of all sufficiently studied world cultures, gambling, half – the North American Indians.

With the growth of civilization and the emergence of large cities gambling found its place in the bustling bazaars and inns. It offered a choice of a wide variety of fun. For the pleasure of trying your luck often had to pay with gold and jewels.

First gambling houses (“casino” in Italian – house) appeared in the Roman Empire. Happy birthday casino historians call 557 BC when the Roman king Lucius Tarquinius Priscus erected in honor of the god of harvest keeper Konsa called the Circus Maximus – an ancient Roman center of the entertainment industry. There have bet betting, craps. The audience spent day and night in the Circus Maximus, the Colosseum in amusements and spectacles.

In Europe, the process of gradually spread gambling joined the secular authorities by imposing taxes on casinos. First public gambling house was legalized in 1626 in Venice. While in high Venetian society has a tradition to gather for a variety of meetings in the so-called “small houses” or «Casini». Important and wealthy business transactions concluded there, arguing about politics, gamble.

The first casino in the modern sense was opened in 1765 in Paris. Ordered to open the casino’s first Minister of France, Cardinal Giulio Mazarin, in order to fill up so meager coffers of Louis XIV. At the same time, the world learned that in addition to the usual card games and roulette there.

In 1806, the French gambling house first received the formal approval of the highest state authority. That man was the French Emperor Louis de Bonaparte, was graced by one of the Paris casino.
The nineteenth century added to the image of gambling new touches: there was a high quality service, was luxurious and comfortable interior decoration and security at the entrance was to restrict access to the casino, flowing into the only respectable-looking people. Gambling has become a fashionable hobby and Casino – a place where it was sure to light up anyone who considered himself a wealthy man.

In 1861, in the small European country of Monaco, while experiencing financial difficulties, a man named Franz Blank offered his state to open a casino for the enrichment of the principality. Three years later, it opened the mall “Monte Carlo”, which became today one of the most famous and gorgeous places on earth. Around the same time gambling “den” (as they were called by the locals) have appeared in Asia. The largest centers of Asian gambling Steel City Saigon and Macau. In 1899, the world’s largest casino, a new concept – “private rooms” where you can while staying focused on the gambling hall, to make unlimited rate.

In Russia at the court of Catherine II roulette tables decorated not only luxurious halls of palaces – they can even be found in kitchens, where the court cook in a spare moment fun playing overseas. Having learned from the captured French about the existence of the tapes, the Turkish Sultan Selim III sent abroad their masters that they have learned to produce it, “wheel of fortune”. And the Indians with this game introduced British diplomats.

In America, gambling, like many others, have brought immigrants from the Old World. In numerous saloons of the Wild West win questions dealt with the Colt. Throughout the 1700s and 1800s, the city of New Orleans has been a mecca for players of the New World. However, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) legal casino almost completely disappeared in all states. As a result of the ban on the whole country was a vast network of illegal “gaming clans.” After the removal of the ban Benjamin Siegel was the founder of the modern Las Vegas, the city of casinos, which are today the glory of the world’s entertainment capital.

Today, gambling houses – is a fashionable establishment, mahogany tables, soft-touch cloth, heavy curtains, the dealer in strict form, the scent of cigars and spirits. Enter the world of gaming today is not too difficult. If you have decided, then we wish you good luck!

Blackjack (born Blackjack) – One of the most popular card games in casinos around the world.

Most of the game’s popularity is caused by simple rules, the speed of the game and the most simple card counting strategy. However, the popularity of the game is not won once. Gambling houses of the United States had to stimulate interest in playing different types of bonuses and the variety of rules blackjack.
It is believed that the predecessor of the game was a card game «vingt-et-un» («twenty-one”), which appeared in the French gambling establishments around the XIX century. In Russia, for example, blackjack is still often referred to as twenty-one or a point. (But the point of the traditional game rules are somewhat different.

The terms

Player
playing at a table against the casino.

Dealer
casino employee acting as the cards are dealt.

Hand
a set of cards a player or the dealer. Typically, rules of the casino players are prohibited to touch their cards.

Tracking (Tracking)
tracking the location of player cards in the game, using the information in the next shuffle.

Shuffle (Shuffle)
full “game loop” that begins with mixing decks, and ending the split output card.

Shuz (born shoe – shoe)
Special tool for card games in the casino. The deck is shuffled and inserted into shuz from which then goes to the distribution of cards.

The chip (born chip)
a small flat object round, square or octagonal shape, which was written his denomination, can be exchanged for cash at the casino cashier.
Regulations

Mistakenly believed that the goal is to score as many points, but not more than 21. In fact, the goal – to beat the dealer.

Play from one to eight decks. Because the probability of a combination of blackjack with a larger number of decks below, the player’s advantage decreases with an increase in the number of decks. When playing with a shuffle machine assume that you have an infinite deck. At the end of the party, when she was about a third card (the exact value sets the dealer by placing a special card in the so-called. “Shuz” on the eye), shuffled deck. When playing single deck often mixed after each game.

The values ​​of each card points, from two to ten – respectively from 2 to 10, at the Ace – 1 or 11 (11 until the total amount is not more than 21, then 1), at the so-called. pictures (King, Queen, Jack) – 10.

If the player and dealer number of points equal to the hands, such a situation is called a “level” is often a casino is called the “Stein” – from the English. stay, in English it sounds like Push (Push). In such a situation, all remain at their rates, no one wins and no one loses. While a variety of casinos may be exceptions and “Pouchet” wins the casino.

Players bet by placing chips in the appropriate fields of the table. Bets are placed before the cards are dealt. Once the first card is dealt, players are prohibited from making bets and touch their chips.

The dealer deals the cards (usually one or two decks of cards, but most of shuza containing four or more decks): two cards to each player, currently giving away a card (in the U.S. decided to distribute dealer two cards, one of which is open, and the other – closed, there is on the table face down.) All cards are opened at once (visible and the dealer and the player).

If the player immediately after the deal had accumulated 21 points (ie, the player ace and 10 or an ace and a picture), this situation is called blackjack. In this case, the player once the win 3 to 2 (ie, 1.5 times its bid). The exception is when the dealer’s first card (open) 10 catches, a picture, or an ace. In this case, there is a chance that the dealer will also blackjack so the player with blackjack is offered either take win 1 to 1 (only if the dealer’s first card – the ace), or wait until the game Law (in the case if dealer does not have blackjack, to get the win 3 to 2)

Next, the players who have not blackjack, it is proposed to choose either to take another card (in which case the player must tell the dealer “map” or “more”), or to remain at those cards (and of the total points), who in his hand (in this case, the player must tell the dealer “sufficient” or “enough”).

As a general rule, if a player after taking a new card in the amount of turns 21, the dealer does not ask more of it and goes to the next player.

If a player after taking a new card total score exceeds 21, then it is considered a “bust”. The dealer says “a lot” and removes the player’s bet in favor of the casino.

If the dealer in the first two cards is typed 21 points (Blackjack), all players (except for those who have too blackjack) lose. Those who have blackjack, remain at their rates, if they have not chosen to take the prize of 1 to 1, or if you do not have insured his combination of blackjack.

In some cases, depending on which card in the hands of the player, the dealer may offer additional options to it (see below).

Once all players have completed the draw cards, the dealer says “Me” and deal the cards yourself. The general rule blackjack is that the dealer is obliged to stop, he gets 17 points or higher, and is obliged to take until it reaches (even if not everyone got over fewer points). Different casinos may vary rule whether the dealer to stay in the situation, if an ace and six (ie, 7 or 17 points on the hand). This is generally written on the table.

Variations

Base: on the one exposed card dealer and one hidden (hole card)

Europe: the dealer takes the second card after all players have finished dialing. If the dealer has blackjack, the player returns all additional bets (except for “insurance”)

On the basis of blackjack created numerous versions of which have their own names such as blackjack in the open (Double Exposure), Three Card Blackjack (3 Card Blackjack), blackjack switch (Blackjack Switch), Spanish 21 (Spanish 21) 21 Caribbean (Caribbean 21), a super fan 21 (Super Fun 21) Pontoon (Pontoon), etc.

Additional rules

Split
If a player has two cards of the hand of the same value (ie, 2, 2, 3, 3, etc., as well as two images even unequal, for example, Queen and King), the dealer offers the player a split, then a partition one arm in two. In this case, the player makes a bet on a game table, equal to the previous one, the dealer separates the cards into two hands, hands out to each one card and the player continues to play as if it was originally made two bets (played for two). The only exception is the case when split a pair of Aces, in which case the player to aces dealt one card, then he can not take cards, but can peresplitovat aces (often splitovat aces allowed only once). If the second hand of cards again formed a pair, the dealer offers the player splitovat again (in the rules or the limited number of Splitting or not, but the number of splitting aces negotiated separately).

Double
The player can double down and still get exactly one more card. Some casinos is permitted only when a player on the arm 10 or 11 (or in some cases even 9 points).

Some casinos allow a player to double after splitting.

Triple
The player can again deliver a bet equal to the original, after having made double. And get another card.

Sarendo
Some rules of blackjack player is allowed to take off half of his bet after the deal the first two cards if the player thinks his bad set of cards (separate rules stipulate sarenda against open ace, the dealer).

Insurance
If the dealer’s up card is the first ace, the dealer can offer players the insurance blackjack. The player, in case of agreement, puts additional insurance bet equal to half of the original. If the dealer will blackjack, the player loses his bet game, but he is paid insurance in the amount of 2 to 1.

Special versions of the game

In some cases, the casino may offer the player some embodiments the game.

Pair of aces
In some casinos (very rarely) a pair of aces after the deal beats any other combination, even at blackjack.

777
The rule according to which the player with 21 points from three sevens (777) receives a bonus.

Suited Blackjack
Sometimes a combination of blackjack, consisting of an ace and desyatiochkovoe cards of the same suit pays 2 to 1.

Maximum cards
Some casinos are allowed (and the players and the dealer) to have on hand, no more than 5 cards. This combination of benefits (after blackjack).

17 +4
In the case of the game with a 36-card deck, that is, without twos, threes, fours, fives, jacks count as 2 points, ladies – for the 3 kings – for 4. In this case, the above situation does not apply, but uses a different: a combination of the five images (and nothing else) on the hand is assumed to be blackjack. This version of the game in the casino is not practiced. It is essential for a home game in the ass.

Side bets
Many casinos diversify the game, allowing the player to make a variety of side bets. Side bet is in addition to the core and in most cases does not depend on the outcome of the game at the basic rate. Examples of popular side bets are:

Ideal couples (Perfect Pairs) – bet that the first two cards a player comes steam.

Bet on the Jackpot – plays if the player and the dealer are dealt cards in four comes from two aces, the jackpot is paid for four aces of the same color.

High-low 13 (HiLo 13) – the rate whether the sum of the first two cards the player is less than or equal to 13 points.

Bet on the bonus – play if the first two cards a player receives suited cards.

Counting cards

Usually made a few hands of a single deck (or set of decks – shuz). That is, the cards do not come back every once in a pack and it does not mix. Therefore, unlike most other casino game, the probability of the game outcomes in blackjack depends previous games. The player leading counting published maps can significantly improve their chances, and even, under certain conditions, give yourself an advantage in the game. The strategy is to make small bets when the probability of winning is low and high, when the chances of winning are high.

Security Services casinos are trying to identify the players involved in counting the cards and if local laws permit, forbid them access to the casino. We are taking other measures, such as increasing the number of decks in shuze, cutting deck is forbidden to raise (increase) their bets. In addition, the casino employees can do to count cards and mix deck when the probability of winning players is too big.

This technique became the basis for the game story the movie “21″ (in Russian cinemas – “Twenty-one”), inspired by the reality of the events.

The film used a system of counting the “plus-minus”.

This system was proposed in 1963 by Harvey Dubner (in English). [Source not specified 743 days] As in the system a dozen bills, each card coming out of the deck, given its numeric value:

Secrets of the German gambling

In the world, there has long been worked out models of organization and control of gambling. Particularly noteworthy gambling activities in Germany. Here, there are two types of casino: gambling houses and casinos. The first contains or state, or a private company, supervision over the activities of which the local authorities. Gaming same institution owned by private individuals. Under the current law, all games are divided into two types: the French and American roulette, baccarat, blackjack, Quick-boards and hit the poker group games for good luck, because the client can not affect their abilities or skills on their course. The others, namely, slot machines with winnings, billiards, flippers, and others, not belonging to the first category, playing with bones and balls, card games were in the group games of skill.

   

Games of chance can be found only in the state gaming houses. The state in this case guarantees the accident, while no one can guarantee for the fact that a private owner not be tempted to mount a roulette magnet or cheat in some other way. Thanks to government guarantees, gambling establishments are in high confidence of its customers, who allow themselves to play at higher rates. These gambling houses are very much reminiscent of the Russian, who worked at the time. The difference is all that blocked throughout Germany 38 and in post in each country for many large metropolis. In private gaming salons can enjoy games of skill. Across the country, more than 25,000 such enterprises. But it is not necessary to believe that it may be open to everyone who is pleased. For this it is necessary to get more than seven hundred permissions associated with the personality of the owner, with premises and equipment.

By separating the games, the use of fraud in private gambling establishments has decreased significantly. They are subject to random checks only. And in order to prevent such a chance at state casinos, there is a special system of control and supervision. In all state run casino Dortmund specially trained auditors, they are employees of the tax administration, which literally day and night follow the work of everyone and everything: from certain of the table and ending with the annual balance sheet. They may at any time request any documentation, as well as have access to all areas of the gambling establishment. The number of auditors depends on the size of the enterprise. In the largest gambling house of the city, including 35 auditors, that is, for every ten dealer – one auditor. To completely exclude the possibility of collusion staff and the auditor, there are certain precautions. First of all, we Auditors staggered working hours. Also not permitted friendly relationship with the staff, even personal acquaintance outside work. And, thanks to the high salary, exclude the possibility of bribery. In addition, there are a number of specific requirements that apply to the staff. Reputation Officer of gambling establishments must be irreproachable, that is, there should be no criminal record, no significant debt, addictions to alcohol and drugs. All employees have the right to play in their own gambling establishment. These measures are almost completely exclude the possibility of committing fraud in state gaming houses.

Casinos are subject to only one tax, which is 80% of the entire gaming profits. Fees from the Company accrued daily. Every week there is a registration in the financial and fiscal administration, and then paid fees to the appropriate fund. Private gaming clubs not subject to any special taxes. Their fees are calculated into the budget as well as all the industrial enterprises. This includes income tax, VAT, percentage of winning slot machine with money prizes. If you add up all the taxes, in total, they will be 80-85% of revenue, which is about the same as in state-owned enterprises with gambling.

Despite the fact that the control mechanism casino debugged, Germany certain problems still exist. Illegal gambling establishments still not left alone German service. Often, these clubs are located in tiny areas of small hotels and restaurants. To deal with them is very difficult because the owners carefully conceal their underground gambling houses. No one really can not tell how many of these underground facilities exist throughout Germany, but it is well known, and this is not a secret that they are still there.

More recently, the German casino has a new problem. It all started with the fact that the municipal casinos began to fall sharply with revenue tables for blackjack. Supervisors are very much interested in this fact. As a result, a number of checks found that some unscrupulous players were using the system of counting cards in this game. Its essence lies in the fact that the first player places small bets and monitors the circulation of cards on the table (of the game uses 5 decks, each of which has 54 cards, just out 324 cards). Then, remembering an example of how the player needs to do at the right time maximum bid. Blackjack is classified as games of chance, which implies the impossibility of influencing the course of the game. But, with the advent of card counting systems, the danger was real. Therefore, private gambling establishments began to demand to translate this into the category of games of skill, and, consequently, to allow them to use in their gaming houses.

It should be noted that in Germany, gambling establishments are subject to one-off taxes, and there is a plurality of separate payments for a variety of articles. As practice shows, the participation of the state not only in control of game clubs, but also as their owners, has a positive effect on the development of gambling in the country, making gambling more fair and transparent, except as forgery and fraud.